All praise is for Allah alone, Who created the heavens and the earth, and brought into being light and darkness, and yet those who have rejected the call of the Truth ascribe others to be equals to their Lord. He it is Who has created you out of clay, and then decreed a term (of life), and has also appointed another term, a term determined with Him. Yet you are in doubt! And He it is Who is One True God in the heavens and in the earth. He knows your deeds - both secret and open - and knows fully whatever you earn. Yet every time a sign of their Lord comes to them, they turn away from it, and thus they gave the lie to the Truth that has now come to them. Soon they will come upon some news concerning what they had mocked at.
(Al-Qur’an – 6:1-5)
The Arab polytheists to whom these verses are addressed did acknowledge God as the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who causes day to alternate with night, and Who has brought into existence the sun and the moon. None of them attributed any of these acts to either al-Lat, al-Hubal, al-Uzza or any other deities. Why, then, should they prostrate themselves before others beside the Creator? Why should they offer their prayers and supplication to any but God? The actual word that has been used in the original text for ‘darkness’ is in the plural. The contrast with the singular ‘light’ is significant: whereas light is one, there can be innumerable degrees of darkness, which is the absence of light.
The elements composing the human organism are all, without exception, derived from the earth. Hence it is said that man has been created out of clay.
This alludes to the Hour of Judgement when human beings, regardless of the age in which they lived, will be brought back to life and summoned to render an account before their Lord.