The provisions that have been laid down here are not simply moral exhortations or mere guidelines for individual conduct. They rather suggest that through moral instruction, social pressure and legal measures people should be prevented from indulging in unjustified expenditure. Hence, when the state of Madinah came into existence, it adopted various practical measures to implement the purposes underlying these provisions. On one hand, several forms of extravagance and luxurious modes of living were legally prohibited. Indirect legal measures were also employed to prevent wasteful expenditure. Moreover, several customs involving extravagance were ended. Furthermore, the state was empowered to adopt administrative measures to prevent blatant forms of extravagance. Likewise, through zakah and sadaqat, a blow was struck at miserliness and steps were taken to prevent the kind of acquisitiveness which prevents the free flow of wealth. This enabled people to distinguish between generosity and wasteful expenditure on one hand, and between miserliness and judicious moderation in expenditure on the other.