Salman Farsi relates that the Holy Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) delivered a sermon on the last day of Sha’aban in which he said, "O people! You are on the threshold of a month of great solemnity and blessings. It is a month during which one night is better than a thousand months. God has prescribed fasting in this month and made Taraweeh prayers optional, but it is pleasing to God. Whosoever willingly and with good intentions does one good act in this month will have the merit of having done an obligatory act in other months, and who does a prescribed act in this month will have the reward equal to that of seventy prescribed acts done in other months. This is the month of endurance, and the reward of endurance is Paradise and this is the month of sympathy with and care of the poor and needy men of the community."
This is part of a long sermon delivered by the Holy Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be with him). It mentions some of the salient characteristics of the holy month of Ramadhan. The Holy Messenger has termed this month as "a month of endurance," which implies that in this month man undergoes a training of self-discipline with the help of which he becomes prepared for the rest eleven months and is in possession of a zest for obedience to God.
A believer is just like a soldier. He has to confront satanic temptations and forces of evil throughout his life. Hence it is imperative for him to exercise self-restraint and endurance, for which he undergoes very comprehensive training in this holy month.
In addition, the Holy Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) has termed this month as "a month of sympathy". This implies that in this month the well-off people feel an increase in their sense of sympathy towards the poor and needy. They make arrangements for their iftar (the sunset breakfast) and suhoor (the pre-dawn meals). They grant financial aid to the need and pay Zakat. The Arabic word musawaat in the text of the hadith includes soothing words along with monetary help.